Trofinetide: First Approval
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Susan J. Keam is a contracted employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
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Trofinetide (DAYBUETM), an oral, small molecule, synthetic analog of glycine-proline-glutamate [GPE; the N-terminal tripeptide derivative of insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)], is being developed by Neuren Pharmaceuticals and Acadia Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of rare childhood neurodevelopmental disorders. Trofinetide was approved in March 2023 in the USA for the treatment of Rett syndrome in adult and pediatric patients 2 years of age and older. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of trofinetide leading to this first approval for Rett syndrome.
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