Sodium Thiosulfate: Pediatric First Approval
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Sohita Dhillon is a contracted employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
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Sodium thiosulfate (Pedmark®) is a chemoprotectant/antioxidant developed by Fennec Pharmaceuticals (formerly Adherex Technologies) to reduce to risk of hearing loss associated with cisplatin. Sodium thiosulfate reduces the risk of ototoxicity by interacting directly with cisplatin to produce inactive platinum species, as well as by causing intracellular effects (such as increasing antioxidant glutathione levels and inhibition of oxidative stress) after entering the cells through the sodium sulfate cotransporter 2. In September 2022, sodium thiosulfate received its first approval in the USA for reducing the risk of ototoxicity associated with cisplatin in pediatric patients 1 month of age and older with localized, non-metastatic solid tumours. Sodium thiosulfate is under regulatory review in the EU for the prevention of ototoxicity induced by cisplatin chemotherapy in patients 1 month to < 18 years of age with localised, non-metastatic, solid tumours. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of sodium thiosulfate leading to this pediatric first approval for reducing the risk of ototoxicity associated with cisplatin in pediatric patients.
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