Siponimod: a review in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest Lesley Scott is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable
Oral siponiod (Mayzent®), a next-generation, selective sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) 1 and 5 modulator, is approved in several countries for the treatment of secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), with specific indications varying between individual countries. In the pivotal EXPAND trial (median duration double-blind treatment 18 months) in a broad spectrum of patients with SPMS, once-daily oral siponimod 2 mg (initial dose titration over 6 days) was significantly more effective than placebo in reducing clinical and MRI-defined outcomes of disease activity and disability progression, including 3-month confirmed disability progression on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), and was generally well tolerated in the core phase of the study. These beneficial effects of siponimod appeared to be sustained during up to 5 years of treatment in the ongoing open-label extension phase of EXPAND. The safety profile of siponimod is similar to that of other agents in its class, including adverse events of special interest (i.e. those known to be associated with S1PR modulators). No new safety signals were identified during up to 5 years’ treatment in the open-label extension phase. Albeit further long-term efficacy and safety data from the real-world setting are required to fully define its role, given the paucity of current treatment options and its convenient dosage regimen, siponimod represents an important emerging option for the treatment of adult patients with SPMS with active disease evidenced by relapses or imaging-features of inflammatory activity.
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