Ruxolitinib Cream 1.5%: A Review in Mild to Moderate Atopic Dermatitis
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest Sheridan M. Hoy is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.
Ruxolitinib cream 1.5% (OPZELURA™) is a topical formulation of ruxolitinib, a potent, selective inhibitor of Janus kinase (JAK)1 and JAK2. The targeting of these kinases is associated with therapeutic benefits in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). In two identically designed, multinational, phase III studies in patients aged ≥ 12 years with mild to moderate AD, ruxolitinib cream 1.5% improved measures of disease severity, pruritus and sleep disturbance relative to vehicle cream when applied twice daily for 8 weeks. Disease severity was controlled for the next 44 weeks when applied as needed to active lesions. Ruxolitinib cream 1.5% was well tolerated in this patient population; its safety profile was similar to that of vehicle cream over the short term, with the types of treatment-emergent adverse events typical of those seen in the vehicle-controlled period over the longer term. Moreover, application site treatment-emergent adverse events indicative of skin tolerability issues (e.g. stinging/burning sensation) were infrequent and no safety findings suggestive of systemic JAK inhibition were identified. Although further longer-term data would be of use, ruxolitinib cream 1.5% provides an alternative to established topical agents (e.g. corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors) for the treatment of mild to moderate AD in adults and adolescents.
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