Ravulizumab: A Review in Generalised Myasthenia Gravis
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest Connie Kang is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.
Ravulizumab (ULTOMIRIS®) is the first long-acting complement C5 inhibitor (administered intravenously every 8 weeks) to be approved in several countries globally, for adults with generalised myasthenia gravis (gMG) who are anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody-positive (AChR Ab+). In the phase III CHAMPION MG trial, intravenous ravulizumab was associated with significant improvements in the MG-Activities of Daily Living scale at week 26 of treatment compared with placebo in adults with AChR Ab+ gMG. Improvements in the Quantitative MG scale total score were also significantly higher in ravulizumab than placebo recipients. These improvements were seen as early as week 1 of treatment initiation and were sustained to week 26. Ravulizumab was generally well tolerated; the most common treatment-emergent adverse events were headache, diarrhoea and nausea. Efficacy and tolerability data for up to 1 year from the ongoing open-label extension phase are consistent with those from the randomized, placebo-controlled phase; further results are awaited with interest. Thus, ravulizumab is an efficacious, generally well tolerated and convenient treatment option in adults with AChR Ab+ gMG, expanding the options available for gMG management.
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