Pralsetinib: A Review in Advanced RET Fusion‑Positive NSCLC
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest Yahiya Syed is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here
Activating mutations in the proto-oncogene RET have been identified as an oncogenic driver of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in a small subset of patients. Pralsetinib (Gavreto®) is an orally-administered, next-generation, small-molecule selective RET inhibitor that is approved for the treatment of RET fusion-positive metastatic NSCLC. In the pivotal phase I/II ARROW trial, pralsetinib demonstrated rapid and durable anti-tumour activity in patients with advanced RET fusion-positive NSCLC who were previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy or were treatment-naïve. Pralsetinib also showed clinical activity against intracranial metastases arising from NSCLC. Pralsetinib had a manageable tolerability profile, with the most common grade 3 treatment-related adverse events being neutropenia, hypertension, anaemia and decreased white blood cell count. Currently available data indicate that pralsetinib is a promising new targeted treatment option for patients with advanced RET fusion-positive NSCLC.
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