Pegcetacoplan: First Approval
online resourceposted on 2021-07-20, 23:28 authored by Sheridan M. Hoy
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Sheridan Hoy is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.
Pegcetacoplan (Empaveli™) is a PEGylated pentadecapeptide developed by Apellis Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of complement-mediated diseases. It binds to complement component 3 (C3) and its activation fragment C3b, controlling the cleavage of C3 and the generation of the downstream effectors of complement activation and thus both C3b-mediated extravascular haemolysis and terminal complement-mediated intravascular haemolysis. Pegcetacoplan is the first C3-targeted paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) therapy to be approved (in May 2021) in the USA, where it is indicated for the treatment of adults with PNH, including those switching from C5 inhibitor therapy with eculizumab and ravulizumab. A regulatory assessment of pegcetacoplan for the treatment of PNH is currently underway in the EU and Australia. Pegcetacoplan is also being investigated as a therapeutic option in other complement-mediated diseases, including age-related macular degeneration, C3 glomerulopathy and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. The recommended dosage regimen of pegcetacoplan is 1080 mg twice weekly, administered as a subcutaneous infusion via an infusion pump with a ≥ 20 mL reservoir. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of pegcetacoplan leading to this first approval for the treatment of adults with PNH.
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