Nemolizumab: First Approval
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Susan Keam is a contracted employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
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Abstract Nemolizumab is a subcutaneously administered humanized anti-interleukin-31 (IL-31) receptor A (IL-31RA) monoclonal antibody that is being developed by Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd, Maruho Co. Ltd and Galderma Pharma S.A. for the treatment of skin diseases, including atopic dermatitis (AD), AD associated pruritus (ADaP), prurigo nodularis (PN), chronic kidney disease associated pruritus (CKDaP) and systemic sclerosis (SSc). IL-31 is a neuroimmune cytokine that induces itch, inflammation, keratinocyte differentiation and fibroblast activation in chronic pruritic skin diseases. Nemolizumab (Mitchga® Syringes) was approved in Japan on 28 March 2022 for use in adults and children over the age of 13 years for the treatment of itch associated with AD (only when existing treatment is insufficiently effective). This article summarizes the milestones in the development of nemolizumab leading to this first approval.
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