Nadofaragene Firadenovec: First Approval
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Arnold Lee is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
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Nadofaragene firadenovec (nadofaragene firadenovec-vncg; Adstiladrin®) is a non-replicating adenoviral vector-based gene therapy developed by Ferring Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of mesothelioma and high-risk Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-unresponsive non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Nadofaragene firadenovec constitutes vector DNA that encodes for interferon (IFN)-α2b and is the first approved gene therapy in bladder cancer. The production of IFN-α2b by transfected urothelial cells is associated with anticancer activity, including immunostimulatory, antiangiogenic and apoptotic effects. In December 2022, nadofaragene firadenovec received its first global approval in the USA for the treatment of high-risk BCG-unresponsive NMIBC with carcinoma in situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumours in adults. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of nadofaragene firadenovec leading to this first approval for this indication.
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