Lumasiran clinical summary.pdf (206.66 kB)
Lumasiran: A Review in Primary Hyperoxaluria Type 1
online resourceposted on 2024-01-11, 22:58 authored by Connie Kang
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest C. Kang is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to this article and are responsible for its content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.
Lumasiran (Oxlumo®), a first-in-class synthetic double-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) interference molecule targeting glycolate oxidase through silencing HAO1 mRNA, is approved in several countries for use in patients of any age and stage of kidney function with primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1). Approval was based on results from the phase III ILLUMINATE trials. In the double-blind, placebo-controlled, ILLUMINATE-A trial, subcutaneous lumasiran was significantly more effective than placebo in reducing 24-h urinary oxalate excretion in patients aged ≥ 6 years with PH1, which was sustained through to 36 months in ongoing longer-term analyses. In the single-arm ILLUMINATE-B trial, lumasiran reduced urinary oxalate:creatinine ratios and plasma oxalate levels in patients aged < 6 years with PH1. In the single-arm ILLUMINATE-C trial, lumasiran reduced plasma oxalate levels in patients receiving dialysis as well as patients who were not receiving dialysis. In secondary and exploratory analyses of these trials, nephrocalcinosis grade, kidney stone event rates and estimated glomerular filtration rates were maintained or improved with lumasiran. Lumasiran had an acceptable tolerability profile that remained consistent in longer-term analyses; the most common adverse events were mild and transient injection-site reactions. Thus, lumasiran is an effective treatment option, with an acceptable tolerability profile, in patients with PH1.
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