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Lacosamide: A Review in Focal-Onset Seizures in Patients with Epilepsy

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posted on 11.05.2021, 00:57 by Sheridan M. Hoy
Compliance with Ethical Standards

Funding: The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.

Conflicts of interest: Sheridan Hoy is a salaried employee of Adis/Springer, is responsible for the article content and declares no relevant conflicts of interest.

Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.

Abstract
Lacosamide (Vimpat®) is a functionalized amino acid available orally (as a syrup or tablet) or intravenously. It is approved for use as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy for the treatment of focal-onset seizures (with or without secondary generalization) in adults, adolescents and children (from 4 years of age) with epilepsy. In adults and adolescents (aged ≥ 16 years), oral lacosamide as adjunctive therapy to other antiepileptic drugs was generally effective in reducing seizure frequency during short-term (12 weeks) treatment, with efficacy sustained over the longer-term (up to 8 years). Moreover, patients were effectively switched from adjunctive oral lacosamide to the same dosage of intravenous lacosamide. Oral lacosamide was an effective withdrawal to monotherapy treatment in this patient population and as monotherapy demonstrated noninferiority to carbamazepine controlled release in terms of seizure freedom. Antiepileptic benefits were maintained during longer-term (≤ 2 years) monotherapy. The antiepileptic efficacy of lacosamide in children aged > 4 years has been extrapolated from data from adults and adolescents, with a similar response expected provided paediatric dosage adaptations are used and safety is demonstrated. Indeed, preliminary data demonstrated the efficacy of short-term (10 weeks) adjunctive lacosamide in patients aged ≥ 4 to < 17 years. Oral lacosamide was generally well tolerated over the short- and longer-term when administered as adjunctive therapy, a withdrawal to monotherapy treatment and monotherapy in adults and adolescents and when administered as adjunctive therapy in children aged ≥ 4 years. Thus, lacosamide is a useful option for the management of focal-onset seizures across a broad age range, starting as early as 4 years of age. Access to the full article can be found here.

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