Inebilizumab: A Review in Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest Tina Nie and Hannah Blair are salaried employees of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declare no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.
Inebilizumab (Uplizna®) is a recently approved monoclonal antibody for use in adults with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) who are anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody seropositive. Inebilizumab targets the B cell antigen CD19 and effectively depletes circulating B cells, thus suppressing inflammatory NMOSD attacks that are potentially disabling or life-threatening. It is approved as an intravenous infusion in several countries. In the pivotal phase 2/3 N-MOmentum trial, inebilizumab reduced the risk of NMOSD attacks compared with placebo, including in AQP4-antibody seropositive patients. Inebilizumab also significantly reduced the risk of disability score worsening, the number of NMOSD-related hospitalisations and MRI lesion count, but had no significant effect on low-contrast binocular vision. The treatment effect on relapse risk and disability scores was sustained in inebilizumab-treated patients for ≥ 4 years during the open-label extension. Inebilizumab was generally well tolerated, with the most common adverse events being urinary tract infection and arthralgia. Thus, inebilizumab is an effective treatment option for adults with AQP4-antibody seropositive NMOSD.
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