Desidustat: First Approval
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Sohita Dhillon is a contracted employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
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Desidustat (Oxemia™) is an orally bioavailable, small molecule, hypoxia-inducible factor-prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) inhibitor developed by Zydus Cadila for the treatment of anaemia associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD), COVID-2019 infections and chemotherapy induced anaemia. Desidustat inhibits prolyl hydroxylase domain enzymes, resulting in the stabilisation of hypoxia-inducible factor which stimulates erythropoietin production and erythropoiesis. In March 2022, desidustat received its first approval in India for the treatment of anaemia in adults with CKD who are either on dialysis or not on dialysis. Desidustat is in clinical development in China for the treatment of anaemia in patients with CKD, in Mexico for the management of COVID-2019 infections and in the USA for the treatment of chemotherapy induced anaemia. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of desidustat leading to this first approval for anaemia associated with CKD.
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