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Decitabine in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia: a profile of its use in the EU
online resourceposted on 2018-04-11, 01:17 authored by Kate McKeage, Katherine A. Lyseng-Williamson
Compliance with ethical standards
Funding: The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Conflicts of interest: K. McKeage and K.A. Lyseng-Williamson are employees of Adis/Springer, are responsible for the article content and declare no conflicts of interest.
Additional information about this Adis Review Q&A can be found here.
Decitabine (Dacogen), a deoxynucleoside analogue of cytidine that selectively inhibits DNA methyltransferases, provides beneficial effects in adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) not eligible for standard induction chemotherapy. In DACO- 016, the registrational phase 3 clinical trial in this patient population, intravenous decitabine provided a clinically meaningful improvement in median overall survival (OS) relative to treatment choice (cytarabine or best supportive care) of 2 months (7.7 vs 5.0 months), as well as signifi- cant improvements in other efficacy outcomes. After a further year of follow-up, the difference in OS between treatment groups significantly favoured decitabine over treatment choice. Decitabine was generally well tolerated with a similar safety profile to that of low-dose cytarabine and low rates of early mortality. Consistent with the clinical presentation of AML, the most frequently observed adverse events were related to myelosuppression. Realworld studies support the effectiveness and tolerability profiles of decitabine in this indication. Access to the full article can be found here.
© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017