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Dabigatran Etexilate: A Review in Pediatric Venous Thromboembolism

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posted on 15.06.2022, 01:56 by Julia Paik

Declarations

Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.

Authorship and Conflict of interest Julia Paik is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.

Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability not applicable

Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here

Abstract

Although rare in children, venous thromboembolism (VTE) is markedly more likely in hospitalized patients, particularly with the use of central venous access devices.  Dabigatran etexilate (Pradaxa®) is one of the first direct non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (DOAC) approved for use in pediatric patients. It is approved in the EU and USA for the treatment of VTE in patients who have been treated with a parenteral anticoagulant for ≥ 5 days, and for the prevention of recurrent VTE. In an open-label, phase 2b/3 clinical trial in pediatric patients with acute VTE treated for ≈ 3 months, dabigatran etexilate was non-inferior to SOC treatment for the primary composite endpoint of complete thrombus resolution, freedom from recurrent VTE and VTE-related death. In a single-arm phase 3 safety study, few patients experienced recurrent VTE with ≤ 12 months of anticoagulation with dabigatran etexilate. Dabigatran etexilate was generally well tolerated in both studies; bleeding events were mostly minor and, in the phase 2b/3 study, occurred at a similar incidence to SOC. Although further data will be useful, dabigatran etexilate is a valuable and convenient treatment option in pediatric VTE.

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