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Cefiderocol: A Review in Serious Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections

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posted on 24.08.2021, 21:54 by Yahiya Y. Syed

Declarations


Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.


Authorship and Conflict of interest Yahiya Y. Syed is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.


Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability not applicable


Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here


Abstract

Intravenous cefiderocol (Fetroja®; Fetcroja®) is the first siderophore cephalosporin approved for the treatment of adults with serious Gram-negative bacterial infections. Cefiderocol is stable against all four Ambler classes of β-lactamases (including metallo-β-lactamases) and exhibits excellent in vitro activity against many clinically relevant Gram-negative pathogens, including multidrug resistant strains. In randomized, double-blind clinical trials, cefiderocol was noninferior to imipenem/cilastatin for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) and to meropenem for nosocomial pneumonia. Furthermore, in a pathogen-focused clinical trial in patients with carbapenem-resistant (CR) infections, cefiderocol showed comparable efficacy to best available therapy (BAT), albeit all-cause mortality rate was higher in the cefiderocol arm, the cause of which has not been established. Cefiderocol had a good tolerability and safety profile in clinical trials. Thus cefiderocol is a novel, emerging, useful addition to the current treatment options for adults with susceptible Gram-negative bacterial infections (including cUTI and nosocomial pneumonia) for whom there are limited treatment options.


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