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Cefepime-Enmetazobactam summary slide.pdf (190.81 kB)

Cefepime/Enmetazobactam: First Approval

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posted on 2024-05-20, 21:18 authored by Susan Keam
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Susan J. Keam is a contracted employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability not applicable

Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.


Cefepime/enmetazobactam (EXBLIFEP®), an intravenous (IV) antibacterial fixed-dose combination of a 4th generation cephalosporin and an extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) inhibitor, is being developed by Allecra Therapeutics and ADVANZ PHARMA for the treatment of infections caused by multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria. In February 2024,  cefepime/enmetazobactam was approved in the USA for use in adults with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) including pyelonephritis, caused by susceptible strains of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, and Enterobacter cloacae complex. In March 2024, cefepime/enmetazobactam was approved in the EU for use in adults for the treatment of cUTI, including pyelonephritis, and hospital-acquired pneumonia, including ventilator associated pneumonia, and the treatment of patients with bacteraemia occurring in association with or suspected to be associated with any of these infections. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of cefepime/enmetazobactam leading to this first approval for the treatment of adults with infections caused by  MDR Gram-negative bacteria. 

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024


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