Birch Bark Extract: A Review in Epidermolysis Bullosa
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest Young-A Heo is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
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Birch bark extract (Filsuvez®; also known as the developmental name oleogel-S10), a topical gel consisting of 10% dry birch bark extract and 90% sunflower oil, is the first therapy approved in the EU and UK for the treatment of partial thickness wounds associated with dystrophic and junctional epidermolysis bullosa (EB) in patients aged ≥ 6 months old. In the pivotal double-blind, randomized, vehicle-controlled, phase III EASE trial in patients with EB, the primary endpoint was met, in which birch bark extract relative to control gel significantly increased the proportion of patients with first complete target wound closure within 45 days. Moreover, patients treated with birch bark extract demonstrated several other positive findings in improving wound burden and wound-associated symptoms. The clinical benefits of birch bark extract were maintained in the 24-month open-label extension period of the EASE trial. Birch bark extract was generally well tolerated in patients with EB, with the tolerability profile being similar to that of control gel. Current evidence indicates that birch bark extract is an effective, emerging treatment option for patients with dystrophic and junctional EB.
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