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Aumolertinib: A Review in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

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posted on 16.03.2022, 03:39 authored by Matt Shirley, Susan J. Keam
Declarations

Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.

Authorship and Conflict of interest M. Shirley and S. Keam are salaried employees of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, and declare no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.

Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.

Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.

Abstract
Aumolertinib (formerly almonertinib; Ameile®) is an oral, third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) that is selective for mutant EGFR over wild-type EGFR. It has been developed for the treatment of advanced EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the phase 3 AENEAS trial conducted in Chinese patients, aumolertinib as first-line treatment significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) and duration of response (DoR) compared with gefitinib in patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC; overall survival (OS) data from this study are immature. In the phase 1/2 APOLLO trial, aumolertinib showed good clinical activity (based on objective response rate, PFS, DoR and OS) in Chinese patients with locally advanced or metastatic EGFR T790M mutation-positive NSCLC who had progressed on or after prior EGFR-TKI therapy. Aumolertinib has a generally manageable tolerability profile; adverse events associated with wild-type EGFR inhibition (e.g. rash and diarrhoea) were less frequent with aumolertinib than gefitinib in AENEAS. Thus, aumolertinib is a promising new option for both first-line and second-line treatment in patients with advanced EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.

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