Adagrasib: First Approval
Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Authorship and Conflict of interest During the peer review process the manufacturer of the agent under review was offered an opportunity to comment on the article. Changes resulting from any comments received were made by the authors on the basis of scientific completeness and accuracy. Sohita Dhillon is a contracted employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature and declares no relevant conflicts of interest. All authors contributed to the review and are responsible for the article content.
Ethics approval, Consent to participate, Consent to publish, Availability of data and material, Code availability Not applicable.
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Adagrasib (KRAZATI™) is an orally available, potent, irreversible, small molecule inhibitor of KRAS G12C mutant isoform being developed by Mirati Therapeutics for the treatment of solid tumours harbouring KRAS G12C oncogenic driver mutation, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and colorectal cancer (CRC). Adagrasib covalently binds to the mutant cysteine in KRAS G12C and locks the mutant KRAS protein in its inactive state, thereby preventing downstream signalling without affecting wild-type KRAS protein. In December 2022, adagrasib received its first approval in the USA for the treatment of adults with KRAS G12C-mutated locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC (as determined by an FDA approved test) who have received ≥ 1 prior systemic therapy. It was approved under accelerated approval based on objective response rate and duration of response, and its continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of a clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial(s). The drug is under regulatory review for NSCLC in the European Union and is in development for CRC in the US. Clinical studies of adagrasib in solid tumours, including CRC, are underway in several countries. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of adagrasib leading to this first approval for KRAS G12C-mutated locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC.
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