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Delafloxacin: a review in acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections

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posted on 23.07.2020 by Lesley J. Scott

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Funding The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.

Conflict of interestLesley Scott is a salaried employee of Adis International Ltd/Springer Nature, is responsible for the article content and declares no relevant conflicts of interest

Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here
Abstract
The global spread of antibacterial-resistant strains, especially methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) for acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs), has driven the need for novel antibacterials. Delafloxacin [Quofenix™ (EU); Baxdela® (USA)], a new fluoroquinolone (FQ), has a unique chemical structure that enhances its antibacterial activity in acidic environments such as occurs in ABSSSIs (including S. aureus infections). Delafloxacin (intravenous and oral formulations) is approved in several countries for the treatment of adults with ABSSSIs (featured indication). In intent-to-treat analyses in pivotal phase 3 trials in adults with ABSSSIs, including those with comorbid disease, intravenous delafloxacin monotherapy (± oral switch after six doses) twice daily was noninferior to intravenous vancomycin + aztreonam for primary endpoints, as specified by the FDA (objective response rate at 48–78 h after initiation of therapy) and the EMA [investigator-assessed clinical cure rate at the follow-up visit at day 14 (± 1 day)]. Delafloxacin was generally well tolerated, with most treatment-related adverse events mild to moderate in severity and few patients discontinuing treatment because of these events. Relative to vancomycin + aztreonam (a non-FQ regimen), delafloxacin treatment was not associated with an increased risk of FQ-associated AEs of special interest. Given its unique chemical structure that confers novel properties relative to other FQ and its broad spectrum of activity against common clinically relevant Gram-positive pathogens, including against MRSA strains (± FQ-resistance mutations), and Gram-negative pathogens, intravenous delafloxacin (± oral switch) provides a novel emerging option for the treatment of adult patients with ABSSSIs.

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