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Aripiprazole Lauroxil: A Review in Schizophrenia
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Funding: The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Conflicts of interest: James Frampton is a salaried employee of Adis/Springer, is responsible for the article content and declares no relevant conflicts of interest.
Additional information about this Adis Drug Review can be found here.
Aripiprazole lauroxil long-acting injectable (LAI) [Aristada®] is an intramuscularly administered, extended-release prodrug of aripiprazole, an established atypical antipsychotic agent that, in terms of its relative position within the class, is at the low end of the risk spectrum for metabolic side effects. In the USA, aripiprazole lauroxil LAI is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia; approved doses of the drug can be injected once-monthly (q4w), every 6 weeks (q6w) or every 2 months (q8w). The efficacy of the 441 and 882 mg q4w dosages in the treatment of acute exacerbations of schizophrenia and as long-term maintenance therapy in stable schizophrenia has been directly demonstrated in a phase III clinical trial and extension, while the efficacy of the 662 mg q4w, 882 mg q6w and 1064 mg q8w dosing regimens has been established on the basis of pharmacokinetic bridging studies. Aripiprazole lauroxil LAI therapy was generally well tolerated, with an adverse event profile consistent with that of oral aripiprazole (with the exception of injection-site reactions), including a low propensity to cause metabolic disturbances. Thus, aripiprazole lauroxil LAI extends the treatment regimen options for patients with schizophrenia; as with other LAI formulations of antipsychotic agents, it can be particularly recommended for patients with recurrent relapses related to nonadherence to oral preparations and for those who prefer this mode of administration. Moreover, unlike aripiprazole monohydrate LAI, the only other commercially available long-acting formulation of aripiprazole, aripiprazole lauroxil LAI offers more than one dosing interval option, which may be a potential advantage in terms of tailoring therapy to the needs of individual patients. Access to the full article can be found here.
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